Development of antibiotic resistance is a natural phenomenon. Often, an incorrect use of antibiotics in animals and humans accelerates this process. An increasing number of infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea or salmonellosis are more and more difficult to treat because the antibiotics used for treatment lose their efficacy.
Antibiotic resistance leads to a prolonged hospitalization, increased costs of the medical treatment and higher mortality. Antibiotics are dugs used for treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. Resistance occurs when drugs are being used in an incorrect way; bacteria develop in reaction to this and become resilient. It is bacteria, not animals or humans, that become resistant. They can then cause infections in humans or animals which are more difficult to treat compared to those caused by non-resistant bacteria.
It is urgently necessary to change the approach how to prescribe and use these substances all over the world. Even when new antibiotics are developed, resistance will remain the serious threat without change in our behaviour. This progress must comprise measures to minimize the spread of infections (including vaccination, hand hygiene, safer sex and correct food hygiene) and the strict use of antibiotics in indicated cases only.